He determines that tragedy, like all poetry, is a kind of imitation mimesisbut adds that it has a serious purpose and uses direct action rather than narrative to achieve its ends. The aim of tragedy, Aristotle writes, is to bring about a "catharsis" of the spectators — to arouse in them sensations of pity and fear, and to purge them of these emotions so that they leave the theater feeling cleansed and uplifted, with a heightened understanding of the ways of gods and men. This catharsis is brought about by witnessing some disastrous and moving change in the fortunes of the drama's protagonist Aristotle recognized that the change might not be disastrous, but felt this was the kind shown in the best tragedies — Oedipus at Colonus, for example, was considered a tragedy by the Greeks but does not have an unhappy ending.
Aristotle had before him the great tragedies written by three Greek dramatists: This definition has been accepted as the standard definition of the tragedy from the age of Aristotle to the present day with the slight variations in the status of the hero.
According to Aristotle, there are six constituent parts of a tragedy: Of these six parts, which one is the most important? According to him, action is first, character is second.
In case of oratory, this is the function of the political art and of the art of rhetoric; and so indeed the older poets makes their characters speak the language of civic life. We may be sure, is felt even apart from the representation and actors. Besides, the production of speculator effects depends more on the art of stage machinist that on that of the Poet.
An end, on the contrary, is that which itself follows that some other things, either by necessity, or as a rule but has nothing following. A middle is that which follows something as some other thing follows. We cannot confine the emotions of pity and fear to the narrow boundaries of self.
We feel pity for Oedipus not because we fear that the same might happen to us, but because he is basically noble. Butcher seems to be quite convincing when he says that we do not always fear for ourselves and adds: Aristotle wanted to communicate this effect of tragedy to Plato, who depreciated tragedy saying that it makes man lose his proper personality.
Aristotle suggests that the tragic experience helps man to forget his own petty sufferings and identity himself with the fate of mankind. Catharsis refers to the effect of the tragedy on the human heart. Catharsis means cleansing of the heart from the harder passions by arousing the feelings of fear and pity through the sufferings and death of a tragic hero.
Lucas remarks that the theatre is not a hospital.Critical Essay Aristotle on Tragedy Bookmark this page Manage My Reading List In the Poetics, Aristotle's famous study of Greek dramatic art, Aristotle ( B.C.) compares tragedy to such other metrical forms as comedy and epic.
Aristotle's definition of tragedy is best seen in the quote: Tragedy, then, is an imitation of an action that is serious and complete, and which has some greatness about it. It imitates in words The art of tragedy aims itself at audience. Discuss with reference to Aristotle's Poetics.
Several of Aristotle's main points are of great value for an understanding of Greek tragic drama. Particularly significant is his statement that the plot is the most important element of tragedy: Tragedy is an imitation, not of men, but of action and life, of happiness and misery.
Aristotle classifies various forms of art with the help of object, medium and manner of their imitation of life. OBJECT: Which object of life is imitated determines the form of literature.
If the Life of great people is imitative it will make that work a Tragedy and if the life . Video: Aristotle's Poetics: Summary & Analysis. So, for example, Aristotle characterizes tragedy by saying that it involves superior individuals caught in unfortunate circumstances.
On the. Aristotle's Poetics Author: Aristotle, Edmund Spenser Bouchier Created Date: 9/10/ PM.