Correspondence should be addressed to Tadesse Melaku Abegaz ; moc. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Neoplasm, AKA cancer Cais associated with major morbidity and mortality. A prospective hospital based study was conducted from 1 January to 30 August on Ca patients attending cancer treatment center of University of Gondar Teaching Hospital.
Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Cervical cancer is on the declining trend in India according to the population-based registries; yet it continues to be a major public health problem for women in India.
Multifactorial causation, potential for prevention, and the sheer threat it poses make cervical cancer an important disease for in-depth studies, as has been attempted by this paper. This paper attempts to review the available knowledge regarding the epidemiology and pattern of cervical cancer; types of HPV human papilloma virus prevalent among cervical cancer patients and among women in general, high-risk groups such as commercial sex workers, and HIV human immunodeficiency virus -positive women; and the role of the national program on cancer in control efforts.
The peak age of incidence of cervical cancer is 55—59 years, and a considerable proportion of women report in the late stages of disease. Specific types of oncogenic HPV, 18 have been identified in patients with cervical cancer.
Other epidemiological risk factors are early age at marriage, multiple sexual partners, multiple pregnancies, poor genital hygiene, malnutrition, use of oral contraceptives, and lack of awareness.
A multipronged approach is necessary which can target areas of high prevalence identified by registries with a combination of behavior change communication exercises and routine early screening with VIA. Sensitizing the people of the area, including menfolk, is necessary to increase uptake levels.
Vaccination against types 16 and 18 can also be undertaken after taking into confidence all stakeholders, including the parents of adolescent girls.
Preventing and treating cervical cancer and reducing the burden are possible by targeting resources to the areas with high prevalence. India has had a national program for cancer sincewhen the emphasis was on equipping premier cancer institutions, which, by —, shifted to primary prevention and early detection of cancer cases and, by —, to the district cancer control program.
The present program, initiated on a pilot basis, emphasizes risk reduction and, in addition, promotes opportunistic screening or screening through camps in women above 30 years at different levels in rural areas and in urban slums. In the absence of a nationwide screening program, there are disparities in screening, treatment, and also survival.
Opportunistic screening in various regions of India varied from 6. Five-year survival rates in Mumbai population-based cancer registry in — were Survival was determined by age and the extent of disease, with younger women having longer survival. The common histological type found in the ectocervix is squamous cell carcinoma and that in the endocervix is adenocarcinoma.Cervical cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the cervix.
Enlarge Anatomy of the female reproductive system. The organs in the female reproductive system include the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix, and vagina. The uterus has a muscular outer layer.
“Palliative care is an approach that improves the quality of life of patients and their families facing the problems associated with life-threatening illness, through the prevention and relief of suffering by means of early identification and impeccable assessment and treatment of pain and other problems, physical, psychosocial and spiritual.“.
Background:Cervical cancer is the third largest cause of cancer mortality in India. The objectives of the study were to compare the pre and the post treatment quality of life in cervical cancer. Resources for patients and health care providers to continue cancer care, and information for NCI grantees and staff.
Common Cancer Myths and Misconceptions Wrong ideas about cancer can lead to needless worry and even . With rapidly evolving technology in the medical field, international protocols and quality standards for medical and surgical care, and international accreditation with JCI, ISO, and other organizations, India has gained a reputation worldwide as leading destination for the treatment of cervical cancer.4/5(20).
Cancer: Current scenario, intervention strategies and projections for Cancer: Current scenario, intervention strategies and projections The quality of life of patients with incurable disease can be improved Fig. 1 India: Cancer pattern Map not to scale. NCMH Background Papers·Burden of Disease in India.